Sikkim Geography, Tourism, Weather, Culture, History With Sikkim Tour Package

Sikkim Geography, weather, tourism, culture, history with Sikkim tour package

Sikkim is an irresistible state which will impress you by its heavenly charm. It comes in category of seven sister states. The state is situated in the mountains of Himalayas. The capital of Sikkim is Gangtok. Gangtok is situated at longitude of 88.62° E and latitude of 27.33° N. It is placed at the northern part of India. The state is gathered by three international borders namely China in north-east side, Bhutan in south-east side and Nepal in north side. It also shares a national border with West Bengal state. The total geographical area covered by Sikkim is about 7,096 km2. The stat’s establishment was done in 1975.

It is known as the second smallest state in India due to its geographical area it encompasses. The total least population within the state is around 607,688. The city is under district collector and maintains its administrative role over the state. Sikkim houses four districts namely East Sikkim, West Sikkim, North Sikkim and South Sikkim. The largest city within this state is Gangtok. Its spectacular cultures make this state admirable. The climatic conditions of this state leads from warm climate to alpine climate. Sikkim lies between the borders of India and China has a majority of gorkha tribes. There are about 11 languages that are spoken in Sikkim that are Sunwar Bhutia, Nepali, Newari, Shepra, Gurung, Lai, Limbu, Tamang and Mangar. Visiting in this mesmerizing state will be full of fun with marvelous weather and surroundings.

Sikkim History

The historical importance and significance of Sikkim can be acknowledged. Its framing can be focused through its historical features. The natives of Sikkim are Lepchas as they are settled here after migrating from other regions. The state’s 50% population is just because of this migration and people from Tibet were migrated to Sikkim around 1200 AD. The state came under the control of many kings and kingdoms so its experiences are been mentioned here. The ruler of this state in 1642 was Phuntsang Namgyal. Later, Nepal and Bhutan started attacking this state during 18th centuary. The state also faced many complications related to migration and expanding population. Sikkim helped Britishers in arranging the troops that were used against Nepal to get back the portion of their territory in 1814-1815.

The Darjeeling health resort was given to East India Company in 1835. Sikkim was known to be as British colony and Sikkim became important for Britishers to take a control over Tibet. Later in year 1890, China and British signed an agreement based on reorganization of Tibet and Sikkim boundaries. Indian government gained power over Sikkim affairs and communication and external affairs in 1950. When Indian government announced democracy over the stat then wings of kings and their kingdoms lost their hold over Sikkim. The state Sikkim was known to be the part of Indian Territory in 1974 and renowned as the 22nd state of India.

Sikkim Tourism

Tourism in Sikkim is not a bad idea as there are many places to visit, many things to see, many cuisines to taste and many cultures to observe. Sikkim is one of the states in India which has written its significance through its economy. Tourism is Sikkim has been followed by huge visiting and it is followed till now. That is why it has a large segment of GSDP that is Gross State Domestic Product. The tourism industry within the state is manageable through state government and its popularity is spreading throughout the world. The state has finely established casinos and the first casino was opened in 2009 within Sikkim. Now, the state government is thinking to issue licenses for casinos in the state. as you know that Sikkim has four districts so there are many attractions which can be seen in those four districts. The first one is East Sikkim which has the following attractions:
• Ganesh Tok
• Nathula
• Do-Drul Chorten
• Water Garden
• Permanent Flower Show
• Tsomgo Lake
• Handloom and Handicrafts Centers
• Rumtek Dharma Chakra Centre
• Tashi View Point
• Saramsa Garden
• Namgyal Institute of Tibetology
• Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden
• Enchey Monastery
• Sa-Ngor-Chotshog Centre
Some of the attractions of West Sikkim are:
• Varsey
• Soreng
• Rabdentse Ruins
• Tashiding Monastery
• Yuksam
• Khecheopalri Lake
• Sanga Choling Monastery
• Pemayangste Monastery
Some of the places to see in North Sikkim are:
• Guru-Dongmar Lake
• Phensang Monastry
• Chungthang
• Singhik
• Lechen
• Lachung
• Yumthang
• Phodong Monastery
Some of the places in South Sikkim are:
• Borong
• Namchi
• Temi Tea Garden
• Ravangla
• Menam Hill

Best Places To Visit In Sikkim

Gangtok In Sikkim On Mirchi Travels

Gangtok In Sikkim

Gangtok is a capital of Sikkim. It is renowned place and has a rich cultural heritage. The city is also referred to as “Lofty Hill”. The Gangtok Monastery is a populous spot in Gangtok which was built in 1716. Gangtok is famous for its relaxing hot springs and awe strucking monasteries. The best time to visit Gangtok is between April-June and September-November.
How to reach Gangtok
o The closest airport of Gangtok is Bagdogra which is situated at distance of about 124 km away from Gangtok.
o The nearest railhead station is placed at Jalpaiguri at about of 148 km away from city of Gangtok.
Places to visit in Gangtok
o Labrang Monastery
o The Deer Park
o Dul-Dul Chorten
o Kangchendzonga National Park
o Phurchachu Reshi hot springs
o Rumtek Monastery
o Yumey Samdong
o Kechopari Lake
o Kabi Longstok
o Tsomgo Lake
o Hanuman Tok
o Changu Lake
o Phoodong Monastery
o Chungthang
Hotels in Gangtok
o Hotel Bamboo Grove Retreat
o Hotel Denzong Inn
o Hotel Dewachen Retreat
o Hotel Berries

Culture Of Sikkim

Sikkim is enlightened with a fabulous cultural heritage. The festivities that are celebrated within the state are Diwali and Dussehra with local festivals like Drupka Teshi, Maghe Sankranti, Losar, Bhimsen Puja, Loosong, Lhabab Duechen, Bhumchu, Saga Dawa, Christmas, Muharram and Eid-ul-Fitr. They celebrate these festivals with mind tracking music, eye catching decoration and mouth-watering cuisines. Some of the famous cuisines of Sikkim are noodle, chowmein, Thukpa, thanthuk, gyathuk, fakthu, momos, dumpling, wonton, buffalo pork or meat, etc. accompanied by drinks like rum, beer, brandy, whiskey, etc. Tourism in Sikkim is incomplete without Indian pop, Lepcha music and Nepali rock music. Football and cricket sports are mostly played within the state.

Best Time to Visit In Sikkim

Climate Condition Of Sikkim

The climate of Sikkim is warmer and alpine. Sikkim deals within five seasons namely summers, winters, autumns, spring and monsoons. The state looks stunning with rainfalls that occur throughout the year. Heavy rain falls may lead to landslides. Foggy days can also be seen during winters.

---- Summers (March to June) ----

During summers season, the state faces temperate climatic conditions and its maximum temperature is seen 28°C and minimum is seen 18°C.

---- Monsoons (July to September) ----

During monsoons season, the state faces heavy rain falls. The state looks gorgeous during monsoons but there might be chances of landslides.

---- Winters (November to February) ----

During winters season, the state sees tundra and foggy climate along with astonishing snowfalls. This season becomes pretty during winters. You can enjoy many adventurous activities during winters in Sikkim. The temperature goes below 0°C.

The other two seasons namely spring season and autumn season are fabulous and ideal for tourism. You can spend your time in Sikkim during these months.

Geography Of Sikkim

Sikkim is a beautiful state with its astonishing geographical features. Hinduism is the prime religion in Sikkim and is due to migration of people from Nepal to this state. There are about 1% Jains, 6.6% of Christians, 28.1% of Buddhists, 60.93% Hindus and 3.37% other religions that exist in Sikkim. Sikkim is a landlocked state which is located at the north-east region of India. It is also comes under the category of seven sister states. The state is covered by China and Tibet in its north-east side, Nepal in west side, Bhutan in south-east side and West Bengal in south side. This state makes itself a second smallest state in India due to its geographical area which is about 7,096 km.
The largest city and the capital of Sikkim is Gangtok. Sikkim has four districts and is a state covered with astonishing mountains. The state has an elevation of about 8,585 meters. The main thing that is housed within the state is Kanchenjunga peak which is the third highest mountain in the world which is situated on the border of Nepal. The states also houses about 80 glaciers, 100 water streams, 5 hot water springs, 277 lakes and 28 peaks. Sikkim is a rocky and greenish region has an ideal land which can be used in agricultural activities. All the water streams mix into the flowing water of Teesta River and its tributaries.

Economy Of Sikkim

In today’s world Sikkim is the fastest growing state economy in India with an economic growth rate growing over 13%. Sikkim is primarily an agrarian economy so most of the population of Sikkim is dependent on agriculture. Sikkim has an ideal land where agricultural activities can be applied. This is because of its rocky regions that prevent the problem of soil erosion. The main crops that are cultivated in Sikkim are rice and cardamom. Sikkim has the largest cardamom cultivation areas in India. Other crops that are also grown in Sikkim are tea, millet, wheat, barley, oranges, etc.

the next segment of economy in Sikkim is Industrial sector which is underdeveloped because of bad hilly terrains and poor road linkage. Thus, small scale industries have developed and some of the small scale industries that exist in Sikkim are watch making, tanning, brewing and distilling. The mineral crops that Sikkim has are talc, copper, zinc, quartzite, graphite, dolomite, lead and coal. The state has faced many establishments of mining. Sikkim gains public attention and has become the major state for tourism that is why it has large GSDP segment.

Government Of Sikkim

The parliamentary system does exist in Sikkim which is mentioned in constitution of India. There are three main parts of government that are Executive, Legislative and Judiciary. In year 1977, the state got its importance after Indian National Congress and later the city came under management of Nar Bahadur Bhandari in 1979 who was Sangram Parishad Party’s leader which exists in Sikkim. The chief minister of this state was Pawan Kumar Chambling from year 1994. He continuously won elections of 1999, 2004 and 2009 and became chief minister of Sikkim. Now, Sikkim has a governor known as Shrinivas Dadasaheb Patil.

Sikkim Tour Packages

Sikkim is well maintained state. Many part of the city is very clean. so you can enjoy the state tour package.

Precautions To Visit In Sikkim

o You should visit Sikkim during autumn, spring and winter season.
o Winters are extremely cold with astonishing snowfalls and foggy days.
o Do not visit during monsoons because of landslides that can occur anytime during this season.
o Always carry a medical kit.
o Ask locals if you deal with any location confusion.