Assam Geography, Economy And Government











Geography Of Assam


With the population of 31,169,272, Assam is ranked as the fourteenth state of India. It comprises of 78,550 km2 of total geographical area. Being as sixteenth largest state it is covered by Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh in east side, Tripura in western side, has international borders with Bangladesh and Bhutan in north-western side and Meghalaya and Mizoram in south. This state is situated at latitudes between 24°8' N and 28°2' N and longitudes between 89°42' E and 96° E. Dispur is the capital of the state and Guwahati is the popular and largest city of Assam.

Assam has flood plains formed by Brahmaputra River with its tributaries in the state. North Cachar Hills, Anglong Hills, Khasi Garo Hills and Karbi Hills in Assam were eroded who were a part of Plateau System of South India. Assam is rich in its mineral deposits like coal, clay, silimanites, magnetic quartzite, kaolin, feldspar, petroleum, limestone and natural gas. Assam is blessed with biodiversity with Kaziranga National Par and Manas National Park. It comprises of about 820 species of birds and different animal species like Indian Rhinoceros, Asian elephants and so on. Thus, Assam has been divided into 27 districts namely Dispur, Guwahati, Cachar, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Barpeta, Darrang, Dhubri, Goalpara, Bongaigaon, Golaghat, Jorhat, Karimganj, Hailakandi, Karbi Anglong, Lakhimpur, Nagaon, Dima Hasao, Kokrajhar, Marigaon, Sibsagar, Tinsukia, Kamrup Metropolitan, Nalbari, Sonitpur, Baksa, Chirang, and Udalguri.

Economy Of Assam


Economy of Assam is characterized in terms of its crops, tea plantation, oil etc. firstly, let us knows about the crops that are grown in this state. They are rice, areca nut, mustard seeds, banana, turmeric, papaya, rapeseed, potatoes and jute. Along with crops, the state holds the cultivation of fruits and herbs also. Secondly, we will now about the specialty of the state that is tea plantation. The variety of tea that is grown in this state of India is known as Camella Assamica. The state develops the different types of tea with tasty tastes is really ausom. Thirdly, the state also develops natural resources like petroleum. Fourthly, the state acquires crude oil in which 15% of the oil is circulated in other parts of India. The state houses four big oil refineries in Bongaigaon, Guwahati, Digboi and Golaghat. Assam is a economically backward state and is still underdeveloped.

Government Of Assam


Each and every district of Assam is administered by Deputy Commissioner, District Panchayat, District court and District Megistrate from district headquarters. For a district, Jila Parishad organizes the local governance system. There are about 26274 villages in Assam that have about 2489 village Panchayats. The town has Nagar Somiti or Town Committee for small towns, Pouro Sobha or Municipal Board for medium towns and Pouro Nigam or Municipal Corporation for cities which have urban local bodies. The districts within the state are categorized into 219 developmental blocks that contains 206 police stations.